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Pond Links

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The purpose of this page is to provide worthwhile links to other Technical pond pages that offer value to ponders. If you have run across any other neat Technical papers, sendem in.

If you find a broken link, please let me know. Thanks.

The address of this page is: http:\\\pondlink_technical.sht

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  Main  Pond  Links 

  Leave comment 

  *Goldfish  Guru 
  *Price's Farm 
  *Stress on Fish 
  *Jungle Labs 
  *Fish Vet 
  *Melafix - Pharmaceutical 
  *Koi Virus Description 
  *Potassium Permanganate 

  *Technical Papers 
(pH, salt, science, ...)
  *Microscopic Pond Life 
(Why you should have gravel.)
  *pH "Pills" 
  *Parasites  Description  
  *Parasites  Paper  (s) 
  *Primer on Disease*
  *Health Guidelines 
  *Salt Papers 
  *Koi Encyclopedia 
  *Liner Construction 
  *Anaerobics & Lava Rock 

  *Apple Snails 
  Snake traps  
  Caring for Lilies  
  *Fire Ants 
  *Turtle Info (DIY Trap) 
  *Skimmer Plans 
  *Veggie Filter 

  *Lotus Care 
  *Underwater  Lights 
  *Planter Pot 
  *Screen Saver 
  *Rec.Ponds FAQ 
  *Pond Heater 
  *Plants as filters 
  *Bulkhead Fittings  

**** Technical Sites *****

  JoAnne THE GOLDFISH GURU   this is the place to go for fish diseases. (From the Ponder's Bible Forum) "This site can get very technical, beyond the scope of my hobby with fish. For example it has a link to tell you how to do a "post mortem" on your fish! But it has a lot of info if your looking for how to deal with a sick fish. "

A good background on Fish disease & Parasites, & treatments - Click on "4. Management of Koi and Goldfish" (about 1/3 down the page)

Stress - Its Role in Fish Disease

Potassium Permanganate Treatment

Turtle Trap Info on wild turtle and how to build a cheap trap.

  Apple Snail Net.  All you could ever want to know about Apple Snails.

  Apple Snails.  All you want to know about Snails (and a whole lot more).

  Skimmer Plans   - Build your own pond skimmer.

How to Care for Water Lilies & Other Aquatic Plants

Snake traps - Dunno if you can modify for a pond, but worth a try if all else fails (mothball type deterents, etc.)

  Frogs on Scientific American  - "How do frogs survive winter? Why don't they freeze to death?"


  Pond Technology  - "As a company policy, we want our customers to become educated consumers. Our print catalog has become as much a training manual as a sales catalog, so we call it the Pond Builder's Handbook. ... currently contains nearly forty pages of detailed product information."

Lotsa great info on pond liner construction and other stuff. Well worth a visit.

  Microscopic Pond Life   Pond Life - Freshwater ponds provide a home for a wide variety of aquatic and semi-aquatic plants, insects, and animals. The vast majority of pond inhabitants, however, are invisible until viewed under the microscope. Beneath the placid surface of any pond is a microscopic metropolis bustling with activity as tiny bizarre organisms pursue their lives; locomoting, eating, trying not to be eaten, excreting, and reproducing. In this collection of digital movies, observe the activities of microscopic organisms taken from a typical North Florida pond.

  Werner's Veggie Filter.  A neat way to build a veggie filter.

  Roark's Experimental Puddle   - A web site dedicated to exploring koi pond technologies, chemical support methods, water quality and koi husbandry issues. A great site for the technical aspects of water quality.

This is an EXCELLENT site and I recco highest.

  The Roark Files  . Part of the KoiVet site (below). Very good answers on common fish problems. Not at all intimidating.

  Price's Fish Farm   - Taking Care of Your Koi - Our Secrets to Success - A fine guide to fish diseases and parasites.

  FRESHWATER FISH DISEASES  . Part of Very good page to figure out what kind of infection your fish may have.

  Jungle Labs   . They sell fish medicine. (800) 357-7104. I've used the "Fungus Eliminator" (at half strength)and it worked great. Was at (half)wit's end figuring I was going to have to drain the pond and let it dry out. Nothing else worked.

  pH "pills"   made from Plaster of Paris. Highly recco'ed for acidic water. Cheap and easy to make.

  Back to the Technical Index 

From: "patty moore"
Subject: [PondersBible] fungus and parasite control

The names of the products that I have found to clear up fungus, bacteria and internal parasite problems are: Fungus Eliminator and Internal Parasite Guard manufactured by Jungle. I also used MelaFix by Aquarium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The MelaFix is a botanical remedy made from Tea Tree extract its an antibacterial remedy and treats fin & tail rot, open red sores, open body wounds, eye cloud, pop eye, body slime and mouth fungus. Just follow the instructions. Try your local fish and pet store - or pet suppliers on line.

The urls for these are:
Melafix - or 1-800-847-0659

Internal Parasite Guard and Fungus Eliminator - or 1-800-357-7104

Happy Ponding!!

  Back to the Technical Index 

  Article describing treatment of Koi Herpes Virus.  - Insert to KOI USA Magazine- March/April 2003


January 2003 by Sandra Yosha, DVM, PhD

KHV is the most deadly, economically important disease threatening koi in the United States in 2003. ....

  Back to the Technical Index 

"You will find a wealth of information covering all aspects of fish health and fish keeping. There are comprehensive guides to fish disease diagnosis and treatment, including movies and photos, as well as in-depth articles on water quality and filtration. There is even a dedicated koi health section for koi nuts!"

  Underwater Lighting  
"..... Our lights are homemade and use a low voltage outdoor lighting transformer (about 140W) from an old "Toro" brand set we had. The 12 V power supply has a photo cell plus a 4 & 8 hour selection switch. Once it is activated by the photo cell, it turns off automatically after the selected period. The lights are automotive sealed beam headlights (about $5 each). Wiring is heavy lamp cord with connections sealed in silcone rubber. The lamp and connections are set in a box filled with wet cement (light side up - connections in cement). Once dry, tear the box off and retest the lights. The concrete allows the lights to be sunk (they float otherwise) and protects the connections further. When testing, do not turn on the lights above water for a long time (they can get quite hot) and then put the in water as this may crack the glass. Car headlights are tough and durable and should have a rather long life compared to normal pond lights. It would be a good idea to have all pond electrical components on a ground fault protected circuit. Some extension cords now have these built-in. "

Tried this and it works GREAT. Only I used a 25watt transformer (in stock) and a 35watt headlight ($7).

  Better Homes & Garden   or   A Little more detail   - nifty terra cotta strawberry pot planter fountain. Plans so you can build it yourself. (Note- If the link changes, it was the February 20-21, 1999 (Show #19-98))

  Back to the Technical Index 

  BioFilter.Com   A technical library set up for the Aquaculturalist. Way more technical than the average ponder would be interested in, though I am {grin}. A very good place.

  Science in the Pond  Good papers on Fish Pain, Quarantine, PH, and more. Dean Earlix, Ph. D. In Pond Biology

  An EXCELLENT article on PH values  
(probably more than what most of us need to know but if you're having problems ... part of Science in the Pond)

  Tech Talk 
at Aquatic Eco Systems. Lotsa good stuff. A rich site but not pond specific. Lotsa aquaculture info. Well worth a visit. (Note recently revised with a dandy index.)

  Biological Control of Exotic Aquatic and Wetland Plants 
Maintained by the Army Corps of Engineers. You'll be amazed how many plants we buy and grow are actually noxious weeds.

  KOI USA questions page  
If you wanna make yourself crazy with filter information and/or are interested in pond chemistry, look around here.

  Environmental Organization WebDirectory - Science:Oceanography:Aquariums:Pond and Goldfish  
Another good place to nose around.

(Dusty's recco)   Pond Water Chemistry   - A valuable site.
Papers on the various elements making up the Chemistry of Pond Water. For the technoids.

  Back to the Technical Index 

  A paper on Parasites. 
I recco highly. Worth printing out. (note - This is a "mirror" I provided because the original link went bad.. It's that good! It also has instructions for making your own hydrometer to test the salinity of your pond. )

  A good discussion  of the necessity of salt in ponds.

  More on Salt   including a measuring device ($15)

  PicSaver - 
is a FREE screen saver that uses your own files to display on the screen. What I did was set up a Folder (directory to you old DOS horses) called Screen Saver Pictures (you can call it anything) and copied my pond pictures to it.

Lately what I've been doing is whenever I run across a neat pond picture on the Net I save it to my hard disk in the Screen Saver folder. It's really easy to do. In Netscape, just point to the picture with the mouse, right click, choose Save As, navigate to the Screen Saver folder, click Okay and that's all there is to it. (Note- Save them to a temporary folder first and try them out there before putting them into your Screen Saver Folder. Many images are in a JPG compressed format PicSaver can't handle. I had to "resave" in uncompressed format to get PicSaver to display them. Email me for more details.)

Now whenever my screen is idle for 3 minutes I'm treated to pond pictures. Fixated? Me? Naw.... {grin}

  Back to the Technical Index 

Frequently Asked Questions on Pond Maintenance.

  The Magical Lotus  Lotus planting instructions. (from Bill -

  Greg's Pond De-icer  
Here's an untried (by me) homemade pond heater. Look around here, some good tips. This site is worth your time, at least it was well worth mine. (bum link fixed - sorry)

  What NOT to do  by John Shelley
Common sense stuff.

(Dusty's recco)   Koi Vet  great site.

(Dusty's recco)  Talking koi encyclopedia. 

(Dusty's recco)   Aquarium Fish Info.   Links for those with aquariums and related subjects.

  Back to the Technical Index 

(Gosh Darn Moles)

Date: Tue, 18 Sep 2001 11:33:57 -0400
Subject: Gosh Darn Moles

Mary Beth Abordo wrote:

> Dear Fellow Ponders,
> I have a mole that is digging around under the
> flagstone and gravel of the patio I installed next to
> my pond. Besides the mounds of dirt he is producing I
> am frighten he will do something to harm the pond
> and/or liner. With two cats and two dogs you'd think
> we'd catch him! No luck so far. As i am wary in the
> use of any toxic and fairly certain that my pets would
> place a paw into the spring loaded "spike" traps I am
> looking for suggests as to how to rid the patio area
> of the little mole.
> thanks for any ideas!
> MB

From: Elf
Date: Tue, 18 Sep 2001 11:33:57 -0400
Subject: Gosh Darn Moles

Get them gone now... Believe it or not, all that damage is done by maybe a pair of moles. I think only a pair work about a 2 acre area. They can "tunnel" as fast as we can walk! So when you see one, he will be long gone by time you run get the shovel or hoe and come back. Rats and mice also use the tunnels, and cause more damage than the moles...the mice are the ones eating roots and plants. I think they have a "working relationship" with the moles.

Last year I noticed all the tunnels led towards my pond liner. Those are just "surface tunnels", or "runs". The actual burrow they raise babies in, is generally "under" something. And goes down a couple of feet at least.

Our "LINERS" are the perfect habitat. They have plenty of water, foodsource from bugs, and protection from heavy rains etc. To the Moles, The bugs in the flower beds around ponds is a mole restaurant...McMoles...

I tried everything store bought you could buy to get rid of them. I even attempted poking water hose down them to drown them. Tried Peppermint oil soaked cottonballs, Moth balls, etc. I even sat out in the yard night after night between the magic hours of 2 4 a.m. and until dawn, armed with a sharp shovel, and flashlight waiting for one to poke his little Mole head up. I even had visions of stringing him up as an example, after I performed my dirty deed. But, alas... Nothing worked.

They loved their paradise and wanted to stay and feast. So, I tried a "little bit of everything". So I finally took all I had heard and read about what *seemed* to work somewhat, and mixed it ALL together. I took a 5 gallon sprayer that attached to my garden hose (I used the Miracle Grow sprayer)... I then started putting in these things...

Mix all ingredients in 5 gal. garden hose sprayer:
  • 2 bottles of the small CASTOR OIL. (very thick stuff)
  • 1 bottle of LYSOL CONCENTRATE (not the kitchen lysol...the CONCENTRATE. this is brownish and in a brown flat plastic bottle)
  • top off the 5 gal. sprayer with Antibacterial Dawn. at least a CUP of this... more preferred if you have room in the sprayer. (though any dish liquid may work.)

I then sprayed all area, appx. 30 feet OUT from the pond area. Paid attention to the places where the TUNNELS or RUNS *CROSS*... the more runs and tunnels coming to one place indicates burrow in that area. Poke hole there and SOAK it.

Next day... no activity. Then the next day I saw new tunnels. But few. (They left?)

A week after I sprayed... I REAPPLIED this same mixture as insurance. Within this week, I saw no sign of MOLES in the yard at all. They have not returned, and that was last season.

BUT... then the Spring rains came. It had been very dry years here in GA, and I guess because the MOLES tunneled under the liner and all around an up to it, all these rains caused those empty TUNNELS & BURROWS to COLLAPSE.

That is when my real problems began. My pond has caved in on all sides, and slid IN about 2 feet all around, and the top edge, "Sank" down to just below ground level. It is an A-1 mess now.

This fall I will take the fish and put them out in back pond, and pull up the front pond liner... REdig it...and make a "collar" of cement blocks around the perimeter or use 4x4's...haven't decided yet. I don't care where Anyone lives... never (in my opinion only of course) place a liner down for a pond, without first making a structurally sound "surround" and base for it. Down the line only problems will arise if you don't take this added precaution.

The MOLES never did "tear" my liner... but they destroyed the Pond all the same.

By the way... I still do not have MOLES since the spraying...BUT: My grass has never been thicker and greener where I sprayed! And I have NO ANTS of any kind to build in this area also. And... NO Mushrooms grow in this area of yard any longer. It was either the Antibacterial soap...or what? that cause it to work??? I don't know. But I sure don't want to try and eliminate anything to see!

Whatever its action was, it worked. And even with the large amount of rain this summer, it still seems to be repelling them...or at least cut off the fungus and the MOLES "food source".

Oh... I still DO have MOLES in other parts of the yard that I did not treat. And ants and mushrooms. But not in the treated area of last year!

It really made the grass healthy. And here in this sand and intense heat on the coast, grass no means... grow "lush"... but since this concoction was added, it does now!

I hope you run the little buggers off. It sure could be detrimental for your pond's STABILITY. By the way... I have also started having those big Grasshoppers that eat plants, come in droves to my yard the last couple weeks... I mixed this up again, and sprayed bushes, and now NO GRASSHOPPERS. And did not seem to hurt the plants... yet, at least. So be careful if you get it on your plants.


  Back to the Technical Index 

  Fire Ants

  Fire Ant Management in the Home Lawn  - Clemson University.

From: -
"Wal-Mart carries a fire ant bait trap that works great. Just set it on the ground or stake it in and in a week they are dead." - from Ponder's Bible list.

Subject: Re: [PondersBible] fire ants

Fire ants are drawn to the pond area for water. Here in Texas, we have tons of fire ants. When you get one mound two or three more pop up.

Some of our members have had success using D. E. around the pond to help keep the little suckers away. You can even sprinkle some D.E. under the liner (because fire ants will eat through your liner) to help protect it.
(Note - D.E. is Diatomaceous Earth. It can be found at swimming pool supply stores. See next item.)

I would not recommend using any type of chemical around the pond. A pot of boiling water poured directly on the mound will kill them also. Of course it will kill any plants close by as well but you could move them out of the way first.

Good Luck and Happy Ponding!

(Diatomaceous Earth)

  White Mountain  . How DE works as an insecticide on insects. Supposed to be good for getting rid of (fire) ants, grasshoppers, etc.

"The best part of this system is that the insects cannot and will not build up resistance in succeeding generations, which happens when using chemicals. The main reason is that the bug is killed mechanically (physically) instead of chemically, making it the obvious choice for insect control."

  Back to the Technical Index 


  Repotting Water Lilies and Marginal Plants.  From LilyBlooms Aquatic Gardens.


The following information is provided courtesy and (c) of and has been previously published in "Splash! The Pond and Water Garden Newsletter!" For Your Own copy of the newsletter sign up at ***************************************************************
Many of us just use tropical lilies the same way that we use annuals such as Impatients and Petunias: to provide lots of blooms and color for one season.

Occasionally, though, we find we have one tropical that we just cannot part with. It is so beautiful, that we want to make sure we can enjoy it again next year.

We have found these methods to work for us when over-wintering these beauties:

1 - Lift the Lily out of the pond. Prune off all large leafs,leaving only small, new leaves. Submerge the Lily in a container of de-chlorinated water and store this container in a basement or garage (the temperature should not go below 55 degrees Fahrenheit) near a window. Add a few drops of fungicide to help keep the Lily healthy. RINSE THE LILY VERY WELL BEFORE PUTTING IT BACK INTO THE POND IN THE SPRING TO REMOVE ALL RESIDUE OF THE FUNGICIDE.

2 - Lift the Lily out of the pond and rinse it off. Find several young shoots with small new leaves attached. Break these shoots off carefully and rinse them well. Dip the shoots in diluted, liquid fungicide. Put the shoots into a plastic storage bag that contains moist (but not wet) sand. Surround the shoot completely, except for the small, new leaves. Close bag securely and store in the vegetable bin of the refrigerator.

In the spring, RINSE WELL TO REMOVE ALL FUNGICIDE, and replant the Lily in a good aquatic planting mix before putting it back into the pond.

  Back to the Technical Index 

Plants as filters

Introduce more plants to your pond. Ambulia, Ludwigia, Rotala, Vallisneria, all will do well in the pond as well as the conventional pond plants.

The advantages of the above list is that they absorb much of their nutrients through the leaves, thus filtering the water column. Most of these can be potted and then harvested in the late summer and sold to the local pet shops.

Ceratopteris species work well, but grow so fast that they can quickly choke out a pond area. Frequent harvesting can be lucrative if you have a good pet shop willing to take the cuttings. Echinodorus species although slower growing also will compete for nutrients in the pond setting. One of the most overlooked plants is the Aponogeton bulbs. They send up terrific flowers as all of the above species do, but they can be harvested in the fall, and can be wintered in cool sand and replanted in the spring.

More plants=less algae. The National Pond Society website issues the same advisory.

In addition, either use the barrel filter as described on this site or use top down trickle filtration to build some sort of biological and mechanical filter.

For those of you who are interested in _drastically_ increasing your knowledge and expertise in raising aquatic plants in your pond try . Click on Master Index of Freshwater Fishes, then click on Aquatic Plant Index. This site provides an alphabetical listing of reference materials as well as a very complete list of aquatic plants which could be raised in an outdoor pond. Ken Ruzek compiled this list and while the alphebetical listing provides no precise growing advice, it does point to the reference materials.

For the personal library I'd suggest the Baensch Atlas volumes I, II, and III. These may be available at your local library or you may be able to request a copy to check out for a week or two. Nice winter reading.

Raising "aquarium" plants in the pond is not difficult. The plants are available through the local pet shops, and while you may have to special order them, they are worth the expense. They are also available through local aquarium societies. As an example, the Minnesota Aquarium Society holds semi-annual auctions where fish. plants, and equipment are sold. In addition, the monthly meetings of these clubs allows for a wonderful opportunity to discuss your fish, algae, and plant questions.

Karl R. Schoeler
Federation of American Aquarium Societies
Horticultural Awards Program Chair

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Dragon Flies

A Beginner's Guide to DRAGONFLIES

More han you ever wanted o know about Dragon Flies.


  Aquarium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.   Melaflix - ALL NATURAL-Antibacterial remedy for the treatment of koi and goldfish diseases

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End of Technical Pond Links

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by G. H. Lovgren.
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